Pelvic/Transvaginal Ultrasound

ultrasound pelvis-resized-600In pelvic or transvaginal ultrasound, a device called a transducer is used to direct high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) at the organs and structures within the pelvic region—typically the uterus and ovaries in women. The transducer may either be passed over the surface of the abdomen (pelvic ultrasound) or inserted into the vagina (transvaginal ultrasound). The sound waves are reflected back to the transducer and electronically converted into images displayed on a viewing monitor. These images can be saved on film orvideo and then reviewed for abnormalities.

 

Pelvic Ultrasound is used:

  • To determine the size, shape, and position of organs in the pelvic region

  • To evaluate pain, abnormal bleeding, or other menstrual problems in women

  • To detect abnormalities affecting the ovaries and uterus, such as fibroid tumors (these are non-cancerous), masses, abscesses, cysts and inflammation.

  • To evaluate infertility problems

  • To monitor follicle development in the ovaries of an infertility patient receiving ovulation-inducing drugs (fertility drugs) or undergoing in vitro fertilization

  • To monitor the health and development of the fetus and placenta in pregnant women, and to detect problems such as ectopic (tubal) pregnancy. (Transvaginal ultrasound is more often used early in pregnancy and pelvic ultrasound later in pregnancy.)

  • To guide the removal of an ovarian follicle for in vitro fertilization