An ultrasound of the thyroid produces pictures of the thyroid gland and the adjacent structures in the neck. The thyroid gland is located in front of the neck just above the collar bones and is shaped like a butterfly, with one lobe on either side of the neck connected by a narrow band of tissue. It is one of nine endocrine glands located throughout the body that make and send hormones into the bloodstream.
An ultrasound of the thyroid is typically used:
- to determine if a lump in the neck is arising from the thyroid or an adjacent structure
- to analyze the appearance of thyroid nodules and determine if they are the more common benign nodule or if the nodule has features that require a biopsy
- to look for additional nodules in patients with one or more nodules felt on physical exam
- to see if a thyroid nodule has substantially grown over time